Globalization, the increased demand for perishable goods, and the requirement to preserve the efficacy of temperature-sensitive products have led to the expansion of cold chains. Innovative insulation materials, refrigeration systems, and temperature-control technologies have made cold storage facilities more energy efficient. With advanced analytics and artificial intelligence, IoT data can be processed for logistics route optimization, risk assessment, and predictive maintenance. The development of more energy-efficient and eco-friendly refrigeration systems minimizes the impact on the environment.