Total Knee replacement – Orthopedic Doctor in Meerut

Total knee replacement (TKR) is a surgical procedure to relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. The process begins with an incision over the knee to expose the joint. The damaged portions of the femur and tibia are carefully removed, typically including cartilage and a small amount of bone. These surfaces are then shaped to fit the prosthetic components, which are usually made of metal and high-grade plastic. The femoral component is attached to the end of the thigh bone, and the tibial component is fixed to the shin bone. Sometimes, the underside of the kneecap is also replaced. The components are secured with bone cement or a press-fit technique, allowing for bone growth into the implant. The surgeon then tests the knee's range of motion, aligns the components properly, and closes the incision with sutures or staples. Postoperative rehabilitation is crucial for recovery, focusing on physical therapy to regain strength and mobility.