What Is Surveying? | Importance Of Surveying | Why Is Surveying Important In Our Life

What Is Surveying?
Surveying is a means of making relatively large-scale, accurate measurements of the Earth’s surfaces. It is the technique, profession, art, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between Earth’s Surface by taking direct or indirectmeasurements of distance, direction, and elevation.

Types Of Measurements:

*Linear measurements
*Angular measurements.

What Is Surveying In Civil Engineering?
Civil surveying is an engineering operation that involves assessing and recording details about an area of land. These observations can then be used to help plan construction projects. The main purpose of surveying in civil engineering is to determine the three-dimensional relationships between different locations.

Importance of Surveying
*Planning and design of all civil engineering projects such as construction of highways, bridges, tunnels, dams etc *require measurements from surveying.
*During execution, project of any magnitude is constructed along the lines and points established by surveying.
*The data from a survey can show the current state of a company or a city. If the information is wrong, than this can be used to plan out immediate action.
*Coordinates can be established or determined with the help of surveying.
*Surveying provides spatial data base for city management or construction.
*A map of the land surface can be prepared with the help of surveying.

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